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Why the boiling point of carboxylic acids is higher than that of the corresponding alcohols ?

In case of carboxylic acids the OH bond is more polar due to the presence of carbonyl group. The C=O group attracts more electrons towards itself which makes the -OH more polar. Due to higher polarity the magnitude of H-bonding also increase considerably in case of carboxylic acids as compared to alcohols. So the boiling…

Why Formaldehyde is more reactive then other aldehydes? justify .

The reactivity of Aldehydes depend upon two factors . 1 Steric effect :- The reactivity of aldehyde depends upon the fact that the nucleophile will attack on the Carbon atom of the carbonyl group. If it is less crowded the nucleophile can easily approach it and can easily react. So lesser is the hinderance more…

why do aldehydes and ketones undergo nucleophillic addition reaction ?

in case of aldehydes and ketones there is a carbonyl group present in the molecule as shown below :- The oxygen is more electrongative than the carbon , due this the polarity develops in the C=O bond. The carbon becomes partially positive and the oxygen becomes partially negative . This decreases the electron density on…

How the direct hydration of alkene is done ?

The direct hydration of alkene leads to the formation of alcohols. The reaction takes place according to the markovnikov’s rules for addition reaction. For example we can make 2-methyl propan-2-ol (tertiary – butyl alcohol) from 2- methyl propene (Isobutylene) as shown in the above reaction.

How alkene reacts with hypohalus acid (HOX) ?

It is a type of addition reaction in which the hydroxyl and halogen groups are introduced in alkene molecule . The alkenes react with freshly prepared solution of hypohalus acid. The acid is formed by the reaction of dihalogen with water. The hypohalus acid gives Halohydrin on reacting with alkene.

Why the but-2-ene is major product of beta elimination of 2-Bromobutane ?

This is due to the following reason :- This is in accordance with sytzeff rule that whenever two alkenes are theoretically possible during a dehydrohalogenation reaction , it is always the more highly substituted alkene which predominates . It can also be best understood by the following illustrations showing the stabilizes of primary(1°) , secondary…

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