What is the coordination number of atoms in a body centred cubic (bcc) structure ?
Answer :- In case of BCC (body centred cubic) structure coordination number is 8
What is the coordination number of atoms in a cubic close packed structure ?
here is the answer :-
What is meant by the term coordination number ?
here is the answer
Define the term amorphous : Give few example of amorphous solids .
Amorphus solids :-
What type of substances would make better permanent magnets, ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic . Justify your answer.
In case of ferromagnetic substaces the direction of domains align themselves in the direction of external magnetic field appllied . This leads to the formation of strong magnetic field. This magnetic field persists even on removing the external magnetic field. so the ferromagnmetic substances can be used for making the permanent magnet.
What type of defect can arise when a solid is heated ? Which physical property is affected by it and in what way ?
on supply of heat the lattice particles absorb energy and leave the lattice this may lead to the vacancy defect. In this case the density of the lattice decrease as the particles permanently leave the lattice. The lattice may become coloured .
An element with molar mass 2.7 x 10-2 kg / mol forms a cubic unit cell with edge length 405 pm . If its density is 2.7 x 10 3 kg /m3 , what is the nature of the cubic unit cell ?
Molar mass M = 2.7 x 10-2 kg mol -1 Edge length of unit cell a = 405 pm = 4.05 x 103 Number of atom per unit cell Z = ? by using the formula lets put the values
Which of the following lattices has the highest packing efficiency? (i) Simple cubic , (ii) Body centred , (iii) Hexagonal close packed lattice .
Hexagonal close packed lattice has the highest packing efficiency that of 74 % . bcc has 68% and simple cubic 52% packing efficiency .
A compound is formed by two elements M and N . The element N forms CCP and atoms of M occupy 1/3 rd of tetrahedral voids. What is the formula of the compound ?
Solution:- The number of N atoms in CCP (fcc) = 4 per unit cell Number of tetrahedral voids = 2 x number of atoms = 2 x 4 = 8 Atoms of element M occupy 1/3 rd of tetrahedral voids of tetrahedral voids, so number of M atoms = 8 x 1/3 ratio of M…
A compound forms hexagonal close packed structure . What is the total number of voids in 0.5 mol of it ? How many of these are tetrahedral voids ?
Here is the solution values given:- 0.5 mol
What is the two dimensional co-ordination number of a molecule in square close packed layer ?
In square close packing a single particle is touched by four particles . Thus the co-ordination number is 4.
Explain how much portion of an atom located at (i) corner and (ii) body centre of a cubic unit cell part of its neighboring unit cell
(i) At corner :- The particle present at the corner is shared by eight unit cells . hence 1/8 part of the particle is the share of a single unit cell. (ii) At the body centre :- In case of body centre , the particle is present exactly at the centre of unit cell. hence…
Distinguish between face centred and end centred unit cells.
In case of face centred unit cell the particles are present on the corners of the unit cell as well as on the centre of every face. In case of end centred unit cell the particles are present on the corners as well as on the centres of any two opposite faces.
Distinguish between Hexagonal and Monoclinic unit cells.
Hexagonal unit cells have two sides equal and two angles right angle , third angle is 120 degrees. The monoclinic unit cells have unequal cell edges and two right angles.
Name the parameters that characterise a unit cell .
A unit cell is characterised by six parameters :-
Give the significance of a lattice point .
The constituent particles (ions , atoms ) of a crystalline solid are denoted by a points . These points are known as the lattice points.
What type of solids are electrical conductors , malleable and ductile ?
The metallic solids show these kind of characters.
Ionic solids conduct electricity in molten state but not in solid state. Explain.
In case of ionic solids , the ions are the units for the conduction of electricity. when they are in solid state the ions are bound to each other by strong electrostatic forces of attraction . But in the molten form the ions are free to move under the applied electric field thus they can…
Solid ‘A’ is very hard , electrical insulator in solid as well as in molten state and melts at extremely high temperature. what type of solid is it ?
The covalent (network) solid has these kind of characters. It is insulator and has high forces of attractions due to which it has high melting point.
Refractive index of a solid is observed to have the same value along all directions . Comment on the nature of solid . Would it show cleavage property ?
The solid which has same value for refractive index in all directions , shows isotropic behaviour and such solids are only the amorphus solids. As it is an amorphus solid so it will not show the clean cut due to the presence of rough surface.
Why the solids are rigid?
The solids have strong interparticulate forces which bind the particles so close that they can only oscillate about their mean position only.
Why the boiling point of carboxylic acids is higher than that of the corresponding alcohols ?
In case of carboxylic acids the OH bond is more polar due to the presence of carbonyl group. The C=O group attracts more electrons towards itself which makes the -OH more polar. Due to higher polarity the magnitude of H-bonding also increase considerably in case of carboxylic acids as compared to alcohols. So the boiling…
Why Formaldehyde is more reactive then other aldehydes? justify .
The reactivity of Aldehydes depend upon two factors . 1 Steric effect :- The reactivity of aldehyde depends upon the fact that the nucleophile will attack on the Carbon atom of the carbonyl group. If it is less crowded the nucleophile can easily approach it and can easily react. So lesser is the hinderance more…
why do aldehydes and ketones undergo nucleophillic addition reaction ?
in case of aldehydes and ketones there is a carbonyl group present in the molecule as shown below :- The oxygen is more electrongative than the carbon , due this the polarity develops in the C=O bond. The carbon becomes partially positive and the oxygen becomes partially negative . This decreases the electron density on…
What is the name of K[Ag(CN)2] ?
K[Ag(CN)2] Potassium dicyanidoargentate (I)
Sing , roam aimlessly , dance, talk with friends and play with kids
List five things you do for fun.
what are transition metals and why they are called so ?
These are the elements which invove the filling of d-subshell. And these elements lie in between the s-block and p-block elements so these are known as transition elements.
The rate constant of a first order reaction is 3.0 x 10 -8 s-1 . what is the rate of the reaction when the concentration of reactant is 1.5 mol L-1 ?
The rate constant of a first order reaction is 3.0 x 10 -8 s-1 . what is the rate of the reaction when the concentration of reactant is 1.5 mol L-1
For the reaction : N2 + 3H2 → 2NH3 , the rate of reaction measured as ∆[NH3]/∆t was found to be 2.4 x 10-4 mol L-1 s -1 . Calculate the rate of reaction expressed in terms of (i) N2 and (ii) H2 .
Question : For the reaction : N2 + 3H2 → 2NH3 , the rate of reaction measured as ∆[NH3]/∆t was found to be 2.4 x 10-4 mol L-1 s -1 . Calculate the rate of reaction expressed in terms of (i) N2 and (ii) H2 .
Solved numericals related to chemical kinetics
Calculation of the rate of reaction. Here we have some examples here is the solution
Learn periodic table in just 25 minutes in punjabi .
you can learn the complete chapter in just 25 minutes.
Quick and easy way to learn the organic nomenclature (with video).
Most of the students find it difficult to learn and apply the knowledge related to the organic nomenclature. Here in this post you simply need to memorise the following table and after that there are a few steps related to that.
How we can make epoxyethane from ethene and epoxypropane from propene ?
It can be done by the following reaction.
How the direct hydration of alkene is done ?
The direct hydration of alkene leads to the formation of alcohols. The reaction takes place according to the markovnikov’s rules for addition reaction. For example we can make 2-methyl propan-2-ol (tertiary – butyl alcohol) from 2- methyl propene (Isobutylene) as shown in the above reaction.
How we can make ethylene chlorohydrin from ethylene ?
The ethylene chlorohydrin can be prepared by the reaction of ethylene with Hypochlorus acid (Hypohalus acid) It is a kind of addition reaction.
How alkene reacts with hypohalus acid (HOX) ?
It is a type of addition reaction in which the hydroxyl and halogen groups are introduced in alkene molecule . The alkenes react with freshly prepared solution of hypohalus acid. The acid is formed by the reaction of dihalogen with water. The hypohalus acid gives Halohydrin on reacting with alkene.
What is the mechanism for anti markovnikov addition or kharasch effect or peroxide effect ?
The mechanism for this kind of reaction involves the formation of free radicals, and the relative stability of different molecules will decide the formation of major and minor products. Step 1 , Chain initiation :- First of all , the homolytic cleavage takes place in peroxide molecule as shown below :- Step2 Chain propagation :-…
What is anti markovnikov addition or peroxide effect or Kharasch effect ?
It is the phenomenon which is seen in case of addition of hydrogen halide in the presence of a peroxide like benzoyl peroxide. The major product in this kind of reaction is the alkane in which the halide is attached to terminal or the less substituted carbon atom as shown below.
Why the but-2-ene is major product of beta elimination of 2-Bromobutane ?
This is due to the following reason :- This is in accordance with sytzeff rule that whenever two alkenes are theoretically possible during a dehydrohalogenation reaction , it is always the more highly substituted alkene which predominates . It can also be best understood by the following illustrations showing the stabilizes of primary(1°) , secondary…
What are the products of beta elimination of haloalkanes?
The haloalkanes give alkenes on undergoing beta elimination. But in case if we there is unsymmetrical haloalkane , the product formation follows Sytzeff rule as shown below.
How the addition of hydrogen halide takes place in case of unsymmetrical alkenes ?
In case of unsymmetrical alkenes the addition of hydrogen halide takes place according to the markovnikov’s rule . During this reaction under markovnikov’s rule the positive part of the attacking reagent joins with the carbon with more number of Hydrogen and the negative part of attacking reagent joins with the more substituted carbon.
How we can make alkyl halides or haloalkanes from alkenes ?
We can make haloalkanes from the alkenes by treating them with rhe hydrogen halides HX . Here the double bond is converted into single bond , hydrogen and halogen gets attached to the carbons involved in double bond.
How we can prepare dibromoethane from ethene ?
We can make the dibromoethane from ethene by the addition of halogen in ethene , in the presence of carbon tetrachloride. In the presence of ether as a solvent the above reaction takes place. The dihalo products are formed in which the halogen groups are present on adjacent carbon atoms.
How we can prepare ethane (alkane) from ethene (alkene) ?
By catalytic hydrogenation we can get the alkanes from the alkenes. The reaction takes place by reacting ethene with hydrogen in the presence of platinum and pladium and Rany nickel (active form of Nickel) Here is the reaction :-
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Hi, I’m Ankush Sharma. post graduate in chemistry and organic chemistry specialist
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