The SN2 mechanism

This is a type of reaction mechanism that is seen in case of nucleophillic substitution reactions. It is BIMOLECULAR NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION mechanism. In this kind of mechanism two molecules decide the rate of reaction, so it is BIMOLECULAR mechanism. The whole mechanism proceeds through a single step. That concerted step involves the bond breaking andContinue reading “The SN2 mechanism”

Which set of elements has a strong tendency to form cations? Or which of the elements are the most electropositive elements?

The elements belonging to Group 1 and group 2 of periodic table has the strong tendency to form cations. The reason behind this tendency is that the elements belonging to group 1 and 2 have one and two valance electrons respectively. By loosing the valence electrons, they will aquire noble gas configuration. It is easyContinue reading “Which set of elements has a strong tendency to form cations? Or which of the elements are the most electropositive elements?”

[SiF6]2- exist but [CF6]2- does not, why?

A nice question both silicon and carbon belong to group 14 and have 4 electrons in the outermost shell. Their general valency is 4 , but silicon and other elements show higher oxidation states also. Only carbon is the element in group 14 elements that do not have vacant d-orbital. All other elements like siliconContinue reading “[SiF6]2- exist but [CF6]2- does not, why?”

What are the Banana Bonds?

What is a ”three centre two electron bond”? These are the type of covalent bonds in which overlapping of orbitals of three atoms take place but sharing only two electrons. These type of bonds that are found in electron deficient molecules. for example in case of BF3 , the molecule exists as a dimer thatContinue reading “What are the Banana Bonds?”