Preparation of carboxylic acids from acyl halides is a simple method in which the acid chloride or halide is hydrolysed to give carboxylic acids. The general reaction and examples are given below.. The hydroxyl group (OH group) present in water replaces the halide atom and thus forms the carboxylic acid. Various acids are formed byContinue reading “how we can prepare carboxylic acid (benzoic acid) from acyl halides and acid anhydrides (benzoic anhydride)”
Carboxylic acids are prepared by various methods like oxidation of primary alcohols, oxidation of aldehydes and ketones, hydrolysis of nitriles, grignard reagents, hydrolysis of esters etc.
Acid base and salts Acids:- these are the substances that Are sour in taste. Turn blue litmus red. Give H+ ions. Can accept a pair of electrons. Base :- These are the substances that Are bitter in taste. Turn red litmus blue. Soapy in touch. Give OH– ions. How to recognise the acid and bases?Continue reading “A Short intro to acid, base and indicators.”