The reactivity of halogens :- The above order in case of halogens is due to the fact that the size of fluorine is small which makes a strong bond with carbon of alkyl group, thus makes it difficult to break. But on the other hand in case of Iodine the bond between Iodine and CarbonContinue reading “What is the order of reactivity of halogen and alkyl groups in the dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides to give alkenes ?”
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Write the structure of the alkene which on ozonolysis gives butanone and ethanal .
The alkene which will give butanone and ethanal on ozonolysis is 3-Methylpentene. It will dissociate from the double bond to give the products as shown below. By the ozonolysis we can get desired products.
What is Raoult’s law ?
It states that for a solution of volatile components, the partial vapour pressure of each component is directly proportion to the mole fraction of the component in the solution.
Explanation of Paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism and antiferromagnetism .
1. Paramagnetism :- This is the phenomenon by which substances are weekly attracted by the magnetic field. It arises because the substances are magnetized in the same direction of the applied magnetic field. This property is shown by the atom, ions or the molecules that contain unpaired electrons. 2. Ferromagnetism:- This is the phenomenon byContinue reading “Explanation of Paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism and antiferromagnetism .”
What are Amphoteric elements?
These are the elements that can act as a base as well as an acid. If they react with an acid , they behave as a base . And if they react with a base they behave as an acid . Oxides of aluminum and gallium are amphoteric in nature.
Calculation of edge length and radius of atom.
Calculate the radius of copper atom if it crystallise in face centred cubic lattice and has a density of 8.93 g / cm cube. Solution Structure given = fcc For fcc , Z = 4 Density , d = 8.93 Molar mass , M = 63.55 Avogadro number = 6.2×10^23 Use the given formula InContinue reading “Calculation of edge length and radius of atom.”
Which set of elements has a strong tendency to form cations? Or which of the elements are the most electropositive elements?
The elements belonging to Group 1 and group 2 of periodic table has the strong tendency to form cations. The reason behind this tendency is that the elements belonging to group 1 and 2 have one and two valance electrons respectively. By loosing the valence electrons, they will aquire noble gas configuration. It is easyContinue reading “Which set of elements has a strong tendency to form cations? Or which of the elements are the most electropositive elements?”
Its never too late
We can if we wish, Returning is never so tough, It’s not mandatory, But it’s a choice, You can say openly, Who suppress your voice, And decision you make, Are not of iron, or steel, You can break them whenever you feel, And life is not a movie, Where you can rewind the reel, TheContinue reading “Its never too late”
What are the methods of preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones ?
What are the chemical properties of Carboxylic Acids ?
Why we have a black and white view at night or low light conditions ?
In our eyes there are two kinds of special cells that help us to see. The rod cells enables us to see in dark and cone cells enable us to see in the ambient light . Rod cells create black and white images on retina. Cone cells create colored images. 1. Cone cells :- TheseContinue reading “Why we have a black and white view at night or low light conditions ?”
What are the Characteristics of a lone pair ?
What are the characteristics of a lone pair? Characteristics of a lone pair Lone pair are the pair of electrons that do not take part in any chemical bond. They affect the symmetry of molecule or the shape of molecule as they interfere with the other electrons of the molecule . The electrons of loneContinue reading “What are the Characteristics of a lone pair ?”
WHY THE IONIC REACTIONS ARE FASTER?
How are reactions related to chemical bonds? The type of bond has a great effect on the rate of reaction or speed of reaction. Here we are going to discuss why and how it happens, First of all in case of ionic compounds:- Lets take example of Sodium hydroxide and Hydrochloric acid NaOH (aq) +Continue reading “WHY THE IONIC REACTIONS ARE FASTER?”
What are the tricks to learn reaction of sodium carbonate with hydrochloric acid?
There is a trick in learning this reaction I will make it very easy for you to learn and rewrite. Firstly see the reaction:- Na2CO3 + 2HCl → 2NaCl + CO2 + H2O Tricks to learn:– Firstly see the formula of carbonate its CO3 , this will be converted into CO2 , One oxygen ofContinue reading “What are the tricks to learn reaction of sodium carbonate with hydrochloric acid?”
Why isn’t water inflammable? It is made of flammable chemicals which are hydrogen and oxygen.
This is a best example to share when we talk about chemical change, that the products have totally different properties from that of the reactants , from which they are made. Now coming to the answer, Formation of water is a highly exothermic type of reaction and a lot of energy is lost at theContinue reading “Why isn’t water inflammable? It is made of flammable chemicals which are hydrogen and oxygen.”
Covalent bonds versus ionic bonds.
There are two types of bonds that can be formed Either by sharing of electrons , that is covalent bond. Or 2. By transfer of electrons , that is ionic bond. Now the question is that , why to go for covalent bond? An important aspect of ionic bond is that the difference of electronegativityContinue reading “Covalent bonds versus ionic bonds.”
What is the difference between molecular mass and formula mass?
In case of ionic compounds we have crystal lattice composed of ions. And there is a never ending pattern of ions and that made it difficult to calculate the molecular mass. Thus we used a simple method by taking the ratio of the ions and then adding their masses, like in case of NaCl ;Continue reading “What is the difference between molecular mass and formula mass?”
What is the hybridisation of Cl2? Is it different from the hybridisation of F2 molecules?
Here you can see the hybridization of both is same , both of these two elements have seven electrons in outermost shell and below is the diagram showing the electrons filled in s-subshell and p-subshell . one orbital of s- subshell and three orbitals of p-subshell are used during hybridisation. So the type of hybridizationContinue reading “What is the hybridisation of Cl2? Is it different from the hybridisation of F2 molecules?”
How does the normality of a mixture equation change for different solutes?
Actually normality depends upon a simple formula that is :- Normality = Number of Gram equivalents / litre The term gram equivalents change as the valency of a substance changes . all the elements do not have same valence and hence it varies from element to element or molecule to molecule. And the term gramContinue reading “How does the normality of a mixture equation change for different solutes?”
The reaction between an acid and base to give salt and water is called neutralisation reaction. here in the following reaction we can easily see how Hydrochloric acid is reacting with sodium chloride NaOH + HCl ———> NaCl + H2O the nature of salt formed is dependent on the type of acid or base , ifContinue reading “Neutralisation reaction”
Thomson’s model of an atom Thomson proposed the model of an atom to be similar to that of the Christmas pudding. Thomson proposed that An atom consists of a positively charged sphere and electrons are embedded into it. The negative and positive charges are equal in magnitude so the atom as a whole is electricallyContinue reading “Atomic models”
Dalton’s Atomic Theory In 1808 John Dalton published a new system of chemical philosophy in which he propose the following theory :- Matter consist of indivisible atoms. All the atoms of a given element have identical properties. Compounds are formed when atoms of different elements combined in a fixed ratio. Chemical reactions only involve theContinue reading “Atomic Structure”
Why CH3 group is Ortho and para directing in nature in Toulene ?
IN CASE OF TOLUENE the methyl group attached to the ring, increases the electron density at ortho and para positions by resonance without changing anything at the meta position. Thus the attacking reagent directly attacks at the electron rich site , thus the methyl group is ortho directing. you can easily understand the movement ofContinue reading “Why CH3 group is Ortho and para directing in nature in Toulene ?”