Tag: chemical

The SN2 mechanism

This is a type of reaction mechanism that is seen in case of nucleophillic substitution reactions. It is BIMOLECULAR NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION mechanism. In this kind of mechanism two molecules decide the rate of reaction, so it is BIMOLECULAR mechanism. The whole mechanism proceeds through a single step. That concerted step involves the bond breaking and

Continue reading

Why sigma bond is stronger than pi bond?

Actually the sigma bond involves head to head overlapping of orbitals, due to which the overlapping takes place on a larger extent. That makes the bond more stronger as compared to pie bond. In pie bond there is a sidewise overlapping of orbitals which leads to lesser extent of overlapping and thus the bond formed

Continue reading

What are the chemical properties of Carboxylic Acids ?

Why isn’t water inflammable? It is made of flammable chemicals which are hydrogen and oxygen.

This is a best example to share when we talk about chemical change, that the products have totally different properties from that of the reactants , from which they are made. Now coming to the answer, Formation of water is a highly exothermic type of reaction and a lot of energy is lost at the

Continue reading

Basics of chemical reactions and chemical equations.

Chemical Change The change which give rise to new substances with new properties that are totally different from the starting matter. 2H2 + O2     ———> 2H2O Chemical changes are normally accompanied by the following changes:- 1. change in state 2. Change in colour 3. Change in temprature 4. Evolution of gas Chemical reaction Representation

Continue reading

How to balance the chemical equation?

The need of balancing the chemical equation. The law of conservation of mass , “ Mass can neither be created nor be destroyed during any chemical change”. So the number of atoms on both RHS and LHS must be equal in the chemical equation. We have to check the total number of atoms on RHS

Continue reading