Meaning of diprotic acid is that , it can loose two hydronium ions (H+) . For finding how many H+ ions it can give , we have to see its structure. Here it have only two hydroxyl groups that is -OH groups, and the hydrogen atoms joined to these only are ionisable. So only these
Actually the sigma bond involves head to head overlapping of orbitals, due to which the overlapping takes place on a larger extent. That makes the bond more stronger as compared to pie bond. In pie bond there is a sidewise overlapping of orbitals which leads to lesser extent of overlapping and thus the bond formed
The substances whose conductivity lies between 10-⁶ to 10⁴ ohm-¹ . The range lies between conductors and insulators. Types 1. n-type :- These type of semiconductors have excess electrons present in the lattice that are responsible for the conduction. These are formed when the group 14 elements like Silicon are doped with group 15 elements
1. Paramagnetism :- This is the phenomenon by which substances are weekly attracted by the magnetic field. It arises because the substances are magnetized in the same direction of the applied magnetic field. This property is shown by the atom, ions or the molecules that contain unpaired electrons. 2. Ferromagnetism:- This is the phenomenon by
These are the elements that can act as a base as well as an acid. If they react with an acid , they behave as a base . And if they react with a base they behave as an acid . Oxides of aluminum and gallium are amphoteric in nature.
#accomodation #of #light In our day to day life we face various exposure to light. The intensity of rays vary from source to source some are intense and some are very low. Here i am going to share about the working of Iris of eye. Iris is basically like the shutter of cameras, it adjusts
Ald + ol Ald- Aldehyde ; ol – Alcohol. As the name suggests , this is a type of reaction which involve the formation of such a molecule which have “alcohol and aldehyde” functional groups.
The P2 molecule of phosphorus is not found because of the larger size of the phosphorus atom. The phosphorus is so larger that the p-orbitals which are required to overlapp sideways , are unable to overlapp sufficiently to make a pie bond. Below is the structure of oxygen atom that is showing π-bond But phosphorus
What are the characteristics of a lone pair? Characteristics of a lone pair Lone pair are the pair of electrons that do not take part in any chemical bond. They affect the symmetry of molecule or the shape of molecule as they interfere with the other electrons of the molecule . The electrons of lone
What are azetopes? Azeotropes are the constent boiling mixtures or solutions. it means that these mixtures can not be separated by simple distillation or boiling , because they will have the same composition of mixture even in the vapour state. for example as in case of mixture of nitric acid and water, the highest attained
In case of ionic compounds we have crystal lattice composed of ions. And there is a never ending pattern of ions and that made it difficult to calculate the molecular mass. Thus we used a simple method by taking the ratio of the ions and then adding their masses, like in case of NaCl ;
Here are the characteristics of pure substances They are composed of same kind of particles. Can not be solved into its components by physical method. Have characteristic melting and boiling points. All the particles or the bulk show similar chemical and physical behavior.
In case of methanoic acid the carbon atom joined to the carboxyl group is attached to only hydrogen atoms which are not able to increase the electron density. HCOOH But in case of ethanoic acid we have a methyl group attached to the carbon of carboxyl group , which is electron releasing group and it
Chemical bond may be defined as the force of attraction by which two atoms are held together. The chemical bonds lead to the formation of molecules and crystals. There are various kind of bonding that we see around us. Covalent bond A covalent bond is formed by mutual sharing of electrons between two atoms. For
Atomic mass Atomic mass of an element is the relative mass as compared with an atom of carbon 12 and it is expressed in AMU. A.M.U. AMU is the Atomic mass unit and it is defined as the mass equal to 1 by 12th of the mass of carbon 12 isotope. 1 amu = 1.66056x
Thomson’s model of an atom Thomson proposed the model of an atom to be similar to that of the Christmas pudding. Thomson proposed that An atom consists of a positively charged sphere and electrons are embedded into it. The negative and positive charges are equal in magnitude so the atom as a whole is electrically
Dalton’s Atomic Theory In 1808 John Dalton published a new system of chemical philosophy in which he propose the following theory :- Matter consist of indivisible atoms. All the atoms of a given element have identical properties. Compounds are formed when atoms of different elements combined in a fixed ratio. Chemical reactions only involve the
it is a very common question and common example too. i would love to answer. Most people say it is the bond formed due to the transfer of electrons, but this explanstion is not complete. Ionic bond is the bond formed due to strong electrostatic forces of attraction between two oppositely charged ions. here is
Electron affinity is the amount of energy change during the addition of an electron to an isolated gaseous atom. It can be positive as well as negative. Negative electron affinity means that the energy is released during the addition of electron. Which is a favorable condition for gaining an electron. But positive value means that
There are two reasons for less reactivity of Alkynes towards electrophillic addition reactions:- Due to greater electronegativity of sp-hybridized carbon atoms of a triple bond than sp2 -hybridized carbon atoms of a double bond, pie-electrons of alkynes are more tightly held by the carbon atoms than pie electrons of alkenes and hence are less easily