A rectifier is a P-N junction diode.
Tag Archives: how
What is myopia near sightedness class 10th cbse pseb board classes
This is a type of eye defect Near sightedness or Myopia is a defect of eye in which the objects present near can be seen clearly but the far ibjects can not be seen by the person suffering from this disease. It can arise due to the following reasons :- 1. Increased length of eyeContinue reading “What is myopia near sightedness class 10th cbse pseb board classes”
Is an alloy a pure substance or a mixture?
This question can be explained in the light of following concepts. In case of alloy the metals are mixed by melting them. The main point to note is that the proportion is not fixed in case of alloys. But in pure substances the proportion is fixed . And they make same kind of particles .Continue reading “Is an alloy a pure substance or a mixture?”
How we can prepare Phthalic acid from ortho xylene by oxidation?
It is a two step reaction in which 1. di-alkyl benzene is oxidised 2. In step two , the acidic environment helps in providing the Hydronium ions and they easily get converted into a carboxylic acid . Phtahlic Acid is used in various kind of preparations and has a vast industrial applications. In this reactionContinue reading “How we can prepare Phthalic acid from ortho xylene by oxidation?”
How the age of mummies , dead bodies and fossils is calculated?
The aging of different organisms is mainly calculated by the special technique called the Radiocarbon dating. In this technique the age of any specimen is calculated on the basis of the present amount of an isotope of a particular element. Isotopes are the atoms of an element that have same atomic number but different atomicContinue reading “How the age of mummies , dead bodies and fossils is calculated?”
Why does copper turns green on exposure to air ?
This happens because of corrosion of copper , as the copper is exposed to air it reacts slowly with water from the moisture present in air, carbondioxide and oxygen. And the product formed is a mixture of copper hydroxide and copper carbonate as shown below.
How many lone pairs of electrons are on the S atom in sulphur tetra floride (SF4) ?
In case of SF4 there are 6 electrons in the outermost shell of Sulphur, out of these 6 electrons, 4 are utilized in bonding with fluorine and thus two unshared electrons are there. Which leads to the lone pair as shown below. Contribute to make this site more informative.
Why the electron affinity or electron gain enthalpy of Chlorine is higher than Fluorine ? Even if Fluorine is most electronegative element.
chlorine shows exceptionally higher electron gain enthalpy than that of florine.
Organic inter-conversions , Propene to 1-nitropropane,ethane to bromoethane, ethanol to but-1-yne, Propene to propyne, toluene to benzyl alcohol.
What is fitting reaction?
What is wurtz – fitting reaction ?
Why ortho-nitrophenol is more acidic than ortho-methoxy phenol ?
To answer this we have to see the reactive nature of phenol and the substituents attached to it. Acidic behavior of phenol depends on the fact that how easily it can loose a proton and make phenoxide ion which is stabilized by resonance. The methoxy group being electron donating group increases the electron density ofContinue reading “Why ortho-nitrophenol is more acidic than ortho-methoxy phenol ?”
Why white phosphorus is more reactive than red phosphorus?
White phosphorus exists in p4 molecule. In the molecular strain is quite high and it tends to break it as early as possible. On the other hand red phosphorus exists as polymer like structure. In red phosphorus the molecules join to make long chains and that makes them chemically inert or less reactive. For studyContinue reading “Why white phosphorus is more reactive than red phosphorus?”
Why H3PO3 is a diprotic acid? Give reason with structure .
Meaning of diprotic acid is that , it can loose two hydronium ions (H+) . For finding how many H+ ions it can give , we have to see its structure. Here it have only two hydroxyl groups that is -OH groups, and the hydrogen atoms joined to these only are ionisable. So only theseContinue reading “Why H3PO3 is a diprotic acid? Give reason with structure .”
What is Wurtz reaction?
It is the reaction between alkyl halides and sodium in the dry ether to give alkanes with higher number of carbon. 2R-X + 2 Na —> R-R +2NaX
Preparation of chlorobenzene – Sandmeyer’s reaction
Chlorobenzene and bromobenzene can be prepared by treating bezenediazonium chloride with cuprous chloride or cuprous bromide. This reaction is also called Sandmeyer’s reaction. The reaction is named after the Swiss Chemist Traugott Sandmeyer. In this reaction the diazonium group losses the molecule of dinitrogen and it yields chlorobenzene.
Why sigma bond is stronger than pi bond?
Actually the sigma bond involves head to head overlapping of orbitals, due to which the overlapping takes place on a larger extent. That makes the bond more stronger as compared to pie bond. In pie bond there is a sidewise overlapping of orbitals which leads to lesser extent of overlapping and thus the bond formedContinue reading “Why sigma bond is stronger than pi bond?”
What are the factors that affect Vapour Pressure?
1.Temperature :- With increase in temperature the rate of vaporization also increase thus it creates more pressure. Moreover with increase in temperature the kinetic energy of the vapours also increase. 2. Nature of liquid:- The liquids with lower inter-particulate attractions have high vapour pressure as the formation of vapours is easy . Like acetone isContinue reading “What are the factors that affect Vapour Pressure?”
Semiconductor and its types.
The substances whose conductivity lies between 10-⁶ to 10⁴ ohm-¹ . The range lies between conductors and insulators. Types 1. n-type :- These type of semiconductors have excess electrons present in the lattice that are responsible for the conduction. These are formed when the group 14 elements like Silicon are doped with group 15 elementsContinue reading “Semiconductor and its types.”
Calculation of edge length and radius of atom.
Calculate the radius of copper atom if it crystallise in face centred cubic lattice and has a density of 8.93 g / cm cube. Solution Structure given = fcc For fcc , Z = 4 Density , d = 8.93 Molar mass , M = 63.55 Avogadro number = 6.2×10^23 Use the given formula InContinue reading “Calculation of edge length and radius of atom.”
What is the decreasing reactivity order of halogen hydracids (HCl, HI, HBr) for addition reaction of alkenes? Explain.
The decreasing order of reactivity will be as follows:- HI > HBr > HCl In case of reactivity the HI will be the most reactive and then HBr and least reactive will be the HCl. This is due to the fact that the reducing character of Iodine is highest and it can easily break theContinue reading “What is the decreasing reactivity order of halogen hydracids (HCl, HI, HBr) for addition reaction of alkenes? Explain.”
If I have hydrogen and oxygen so how can I get water back from both the gases?
The answer is simple just look at the combustion reaction of the hydrogen and you will get water.