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chemistry 4

Why are the noble gases chemically inert?

The outer or valence shell of these elements is complete. And they need not to make any bond. They do not share or transfer the electrons . Due to fully filled orbitals, Their ionisation enthalpies are also very high. So removing an electron from them is also very difficult. The examples of these are Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton , Xenon […]

chemistry 0

What are the Banana Bonds?

What is a ”three centre two electron bond”? These are the type of covalent bonds in which overlapping of orbitals of three atoms take place but sharing only two electrons. These type of bonds that are found in electron deficient molecules. for example in case of BF3 , the molecule exists as a dimer that is B2F6 . Here the […]

chemistry 0

WHY THE IONIC REACTIONS ARE FASTER?

How are reactions related to chemical bonds? The type of bond has a great effect on the rate of reaction or speed of reaction. Here we are going to discuss why and how it happens, First of all in case of ionic compounds:- Lets take example of Sodium hydroxide and Hydrochloric acid NaOH (aq) + HCl (aq) →  NaCl + […]

chemistry 0

Is Br2 an ionic or a covalent bond?

Br2  is a homoatomic molecule, a molecule with same kind of atoms. So here the electronegativity of both the atoms is same so the shared pair is equally attracted by the two atoms. There is not a chance of transfer of electrons from one atom to another. And thus they go for sharing of electrons only to satisfy their valencies. […]

chemistry 0

How many atoms are there in 1 gram of carbon?

For  calculation of number of atoms we have to calculate the number of moles present in 1gram carbon. Multiply the number of moles with Avogadro number. Step I  Number of moles in 1 gram of carbon = given mass / molar mass Molar mass (molecular or atomic mass expressed in grams) = 12g So the number of mole= 1/12                         […]

science 0

Terms related to mass

Atomic mass Atomic mass of an element is the relative mass as compared with an atom of carbon 12 and it is expressed in AMU. A.M.U. AMU is the Atomic mass unit and it is defined as the mass equal to 1 by 12th of the mass of carbon 12 isotope. 1 amu = 1.66056x 10-24 Molecular mass It is […]

chemistry 1

Why Alkynes are less reactive than alkenes towards electrophilic addition reaction ?

There are two reasons for less reactivity of Alkynes towards electrophillic addition reactions:- Due to greater electronegativity of sp-hybridized carbon atoms of a triple bond than sp2 -hybridized carbon atoms of a double bond, pie-electrons of alkynes are more tightly held by the carbon atoms than pie electrons of alkenes and hence are less easily available for reaction with electrophiles. […]