In case of transition metals the Manganese exhibit large range of oxidation state from +2 to +7. This is due to the fact that it has the highest number of unpaired electrons in its outer shell. The configuration of Mn is [Ar] 3d5 4s2 thius it can use its 7 electrons to show the large
No , melting of ice will not be a chemical change as it simply involves the change in the state of water. But during this change the colour, odour, taste , chemical or molecular formula will remain the same . And these all are the indications of physical change only.
In a physical change the nature of substance remains same . The properties remains same. But in case of chemical change the new kind of substance is formed, with different nature. “Sublimation is a process in which a substance changes its state from solid into vapour directly”. So the point to note here is that
This question can be explained in the light of following concepts. In case of alloy the metals are mixed by melting them. The main point to note is that the proportion is not fixed in case of alloys. But in pure substances the proportion is fixed . And they make same kind of particles .
In case of SF6 the hybridisation is sp3d2 and the structure is octahedral . In the view this structure the four Florine atoms are in equatorial position and two are in the axial position. and thus there are maximum of five atoms present in a single plane .
The strength of an acid depends upon the oxidation state of the central atom. More is the oxidation state higher is the acidic character. In case of HClO4(perchloric acid) the oxidation state of chlorine is +7. And in case of H2SO4 (sulphuric acid) the oxidation state of Sulphur is +6 . The oxidation state of
In case of carboxylic acids the negative charge is on the more electronegative element that is oxygen as shown in the structure in both of the resonating structures. The negative charge on the more electronegative element makes it more stable. And thus it shows acidic character easily. But in case of phenols the negative charge
It is a type of condensation reaction that involves the condensation of an aldehyde or ketone with succinic ester in the presence of sodium ethoxide or Potassium ethoxide to yield unsaturated ester acid . The complete reaction is as below. The mechanism involves 3 steps , and firstly the succinate is treated with base to
The aging of different organisms is mainly calculated by the special technique called the Radiocarbon dating. In this technique the age of any specimen is calculated on the basis of the present amount of an isotope of a particular element. Isotopes are the atoms of an element that have same atomic number but different atomic
This happens because of corrosion of copper , as the copper is exposed to air it reacts slowly with water from the moisture present in air, carbondioxide and oxygen. And the product formed is a mixture of copper hydroxide and copper carbonate as shown below.
In case of SF4 there are 6 electrons in the outermost shell of Sulphur, out of these 6 electrons, 4 are utilized in bonding with fluorine and thus two unshared electrons are there. Which leads to the lone pair as shown below. Contribute to make this site more informative.
the atomic size of Krypton is larger than Bromine.
Actually the hydrogen bond is simply a type of attraction which is caused by the the electronegativity difference between hydrogen and highly electronegative element like oxygen carbon nitrogen and fluorine. Intermolecular hydrogen bonding takes place between two molecules having hydrogen and electronegative element. Hydrogen is attracted by the electronegative element of another molecule for example
It is the amount of lyophilic sol required in milligrams to prevent the the coagulation of 10ml gold sol by the addition of 1 ml, 10% NaCl solution .
chlorine shows exceptionally higher electron gain enthalpy than that of florine.
Meaning of diprotic acid is that , it can loose two hydronium ions (H+) . For finding how many H+ ions it can give , we have to see its structure. Here it have only two hydroxyl groups that is -OH groups, and the hydrogen atoms joined to these only are ionisable. So only these
The structure of XeOF4 is square pyramidal. And its hybridization is sp³d² The structure of XeO3 is pyramidal and its hybridization is sp³.
It is the reaction between alkyl halides and sodium in the dry ether to give alkanes with higher number of carbon. 2R-X + 2 Na —> R-R +2NaX
Chlorobenzene and bromobenzene can be prepared by treating bezenediazonium chloride with cuprous chloride or cuprous bromide. This reaction is also called Sandmeyer’s reaction.
Actually the sigma bond involves head to head overlapping of orbitals, due to which the overlapping takes place on a larger extent. That makes the bond more stronger as compared to pie bond. In pie bond there is a sidewise overlapping of orbitals which leads to lesser extent of overlapping and thus the bond formed
It states that for a solution of volatile components, the partial vapour pressure of each component is directly proportion to the mole fraction of the component in the solution.
1.Temperature :- With increase in temperature the rate of vaporization also increase thus it creates more pressure. Moreover with increase in temperature the kinetic energy of the vapours also increase. 2. Nature of liquid:- The liquids with lower inter-particulate attractions have high vapour pressure as the formation of vapours is easy . Like acetone is
The substances whose conductivity lies between 10-⁶ to 10⁴ ohm-¹ . The range lies between conductors and insulators. Types 1. n-type :- These type of semiconductors have excess electrons present in the lattice that are responsible for the conduction. These are formed when the group 14 elements like Silicon are doped with group 15 elements