In this method the methyl ketone is treated firstly with sodium hydroxide so we get the sodium salt of acid which is further treated with hydrochloric acid to get the final product , that is a carboxylic acid.
Preparation of carboxylic acids from acyl halides is a simple method in which the acid chloride or halide is hydrolysed to give carboxylic acids. The general reaction and examples are given below..
In case of carboxylic acids the negative charge is on the more electronegative element that is oxygen as shown in the structure in both of the resonating structures. The negative charge on the more electronegative element makes it more stable. And thus it shows acidic character easily. But in case of phenols the negative charge
This mechanism is seen in Nucleophillic Substitution reactions, especially in those compounds in which the Carbon atom is more substituted . The rate of this mechanism depends on the step 1 where the leaving group leave with electron pair and leaves behind a carbocation. The whole rate depends only on one molecule. That’s why it
It is the reaction that leads to the production of aromatic aldehydes mostly the ortho substituted ones. It is a reaction that yields orthohydroxy (major product) and para hydroxy (minor product). It basically a reaction between phenol and chloroform in the presence of aqueous sodium hydroxide. contribute to help us serve you better.
It is a type of condensation reaction that involves the condensation of an aldehyde or ketone with succinic ester in the presence of sodium ethoxide or Potassium ethoxide to yield unsaturated ester acid . The complete reaction is as below. The mechanism involves 3 steps , and firstly the succinate is treated with base to
Chlorobenzene and bromobenzene can be prepared by treating bezenediazonium chloride with cuprous chloride or cuprous bromide. This reaction is also called Sandmeyer’s reaction.
In case of hydrocarbons , the c-c bond is normally safe due to following two reasons :- Difference between the electronegativity of Carbon and Hydrogen. Due to this reason the electrons of the shared pair stays closer to the C-atom which makes it easy to break the C-H bond and release hydrogen as hydronium ion