Here in this method of preparation of carboxylic acid , the oxidation of alkene is done by the strong oxidising agent like Potassium permangenate in the presence of basic medium, the whole reaction medium is then treated with Sulphuric acid. Here we can see in case of following reactions.
In this method the methyl ketone is treated firstly with sodium hydroxide so we get the sodium salt of acid which is further treated with hydrochloric acid to get the final product , that is a carboxylic acid.
It is a two step reaction in which 1. di-alkyl benzene is oxidised 2. In step two , the acidic environment helps in providing the Hydronium ions and they easily get converted into a carboxylic acid .
We can prepare carboxylic acids by the treatment of haloform with potassium hydroxide. The reaction involves the :- Displacement of halogen to give trihydroxy unstable intermediate , which rearranges to yeild carboxylic acid and water.
page number 181 1 ਅਵਤਲ ਦਰਪਣ ਦੇ ਮੁੱਖ ਫੋਕਸ ਦੀ ਪ੍ਰੀਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਦਿਓ ।ਉੱਤਰ :- ਅਵਤਲ ਦਰਪਣ ਦਾ ਮੁੱਖ ਫੋਕਸ ਉਹ ਬਿੰਦੂ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਦਰਪਣ ਤੇ ਟਕਰਾਉਣ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ ਦੀਆਂ ਕਿਰਨਾਂ ਮਿਲਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ ਜਾਂ ਮਿਲਦੀਆਂ ਹੋਈਆਂ ਪ੍ਰਤੀਤ ਹੁੰਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ 2 ਇਕ ਗੋਲਾਕਾਰ ਦਰਪਣ ਦਾ ਵਕਰਤਾ ਅਰਧ ਵਿਆਸ 20 ਸੈਂਟੀਮੀਟਰ ਹੈ ਉਸ ਦੀ ਫੋਕਸ
We can make carboxylic acid by the carboxylation of alkenes. This method is also known as the Koch reaction . In this method an alkene is treated with carbon monoxide with steam under high temprature and pressure.
Preparation of carboxylic acids by the hydrolysis of Esters is a convenient method .
ਉੱਤਰ :- ਅਵਤਲ ਦਰਪਣ ਦਾ ਮੁੱਖ ਫੋਕਸ ਉਹ ਬਿੰਦੂ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਉੱਤੇ ਦਰਪਣ ਤੇ ਟਕਰਾਉਣ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਸ਼ ਦੀਆਂ ਕਿਰਨਾਂ ਮਿਲਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ ਜਾਂ ਮਿਲਦੀਆਂ ਹੋਈਆਂ ਪ੍ਰਤੀਤ ਹੁੰਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ ।
The whole covalent and ionic factor depends upon the charge/ radius ratio. In case of +5 oxidation state the value of charge/radius is higher than +3 . And thus According to Fazan’s rule , ” higher is the charge/radius value higher will be covalent character.
Ozone is an allotropic form of oxygen which is very unstalble at earth’s syurface. It readily decomposes to give one nacent oxygen( single atom) and an oxygen molecule. The oxygen atom released here is highly unstable and reacts with the substrate, and thus readily oxidise it.
Zn, Ti and Fe are active metals and tgey can easily react with oxygen but Pt ( platinum) being a noble metal does not react . The fact which supports it is that the sum of its four ionisation enthalpies is very high and thus it cannot react.
With change in number of protons , neutrons and electrons, the element changes completely . The valency of elements change, so the formula and combining capacity also changes.
Gram atomic mass/ weight :- It is the atomic mass expressed in grams. Gram molecular mass or weight :- It is the molecular mass of a molecule expressed in grams. For more info click on the following link. https://theunconditionalguru.in/2020/04/21/what-is-mole-concept-give-full-explanation/
No, in case of gaseous state there is not any kind of intermolecular intraction.
It is the phenomenon in which an enol form gets converted into ketone or aldehyde form and this happens at the room temperature . In the above reaction the unstable “enol” form is converted into the ketone form by the movement of electrons from OH bond to the CO (carbonyl) bond and movement of hydride