This is a type of reaction mechanism that is seen in case of nucleophillic substitution reactions. It is BIMOLECULAR NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION mechanism. In this kind of mechanism two molecules decide the rate of reaction, so it is BIMOLECULAR mechanism. The whole mechanism proceeds through a single step. That concerted step involves the bond breaking andContinue reading “The SN2 mechanism”
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Stobbe reaction and its Mechanism
It is a type of condensation reaction that involves the condensation of an aldehyde or ketone with succinic ester in the presence of sodium ethoxide or Potassium ethoxide to yield unsaturated ester acid . The complete reaction is as below. The mechanism involves 3 steps , and firstly the succinate is treated with base toContinue reading “Stobbe reaction and its Mechanism”
Preparation of chlorobenzene – Sandmeyer’s reaction
Chlorobenzene and bromobenzene can be prepared by treating bezenediazonium chloride with cuprous chloride or cuprous bromide. This reaction is also called Sandmeyer’s reaction. The reaction is named after the Swiss Chemist Traugott Sandmeyer. In this reaction the diazonium group losses the molecule of dinitrogen and it yields chlorobenzene.
What is Raoult’s law ?
It states that for a solution of volatile components, the partial vapour pressure of each component is directly proportion to the mole fraction of the component in the solution.
What are the methods of Prepration of ethers?
Thomson’s model of an atom Thomson proposed the model of an atom to be similar to that of the Christmas pudding. Thomson proposed that An atom consists of a positively charged sphere and electrons are embedded into it. The negative and positive charges are equal in magnitude so the atom as a whole is electricallyContinue reading “Atomic models”
Dalton’s Atomic Theory In 1808 John Dalton published a new system of chemical philosophy in which he propose the following theory :- Matter consist of indivisible atoms. All the atoms of a given element have identical properties. Compounds are formed when atoms of different elements combined in a fixed ratio. Chemical reactions only involve theContinue reading “Atomic Structure”