What is the reason for Zn having a lower reduction capacity than Na, Mg, and Zn?

The reduction potential of a substance depends upon the ease with which an atom can release electrons. Or can loose electrons.

Here in these examples Na readily looses electron , and it is the element which easily  donates or releases electrons among all it can easily give electrons to reduce other atom.

Mg comes on the second position to give electrons.

Zn is the metal which is least in it, as compared to the atoms above.

Published by ankushmaster

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