Why is an ionic bond not double or triple like a covalent bond?

To understand this we have to go in depth , that how the ionic bond is formed?

Ionic bond is a bond basically formed due to strong electrostatic forces of attraction which is totally different from the covalent bond.

Ionic bond is formed between atoms with very different  ionisation energy and electron affinity. This situation allows one atom to transfer one or more valence electrons to its partner. And that leads to generation of positive charge on donor and negative charge on accepter.

Now in case of ionic bond even if two or more electrons are transferred still the type attraction remains the same .

So they do not form double or triple bond.

But in case of Covalent bond double and triple bonds are possible.

As it involves the overlapping of orbitals  and hybridization. As shown below

Structure of Ethyne

Published by Ankush Sharma

I am M.Sc (chemistry ) from Punjabi University Patiala. I am a science teacher with expertise in chemistry, with 8 years of experience in teaching. Writing and blogging is my hobby, I write whenever I am free. I am constantly working on creating a new and easy way of learning the tough things in an effective way. I am constantly working to make authentic and reliable information to be shared with my students and widen the horizons of knowledge.

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