Comparison of acidity of alcohols and carboxylic acids.


Alcohols and Carboxylic acids show acidic character but their relative acidic values are different.

Basically the acidity depends upon

1. The ease of releasing the H+ ions (hydronium ions).

2. The stability of ion or molecule formed after the release of H+ ion.

now lets discuss in detail and see “why carboxylic acids are more acidic than alcohols ?”

As it is clear from the structures shown above , we can easily see the ion in case of carboxylic acid is resonance stabilised , but the ion in case of alcohol is not stable as the negative charge is confined to only one oxygen atom so it is less stable.

Published by ankushmaster

I am M.Sc (chemistry ) from punjabi university. I am a science teacher with expertise in chemistry, with 8 years of experiance in teaching. i am getting a handsome salary , now i wish to help out the people who need me UNCONDITIONALLY. and I am constantly working on creating a new and easy way of learning the tough things in an effective way. I am constantly working to make authentic and reliable information to be shared with my students and widen the horizons of knowledge.

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