How we can prepare Benzoic acid from Toluene ?

The Benzoic acid can be prepared by the oxidation of Toluene .

Firstly the Toluene is treated with potassium-permangnate in the presence of alkaline medium.

Then acidic medium is provided to replace the potassium with hydrogen.

The methyl group present on the benzene ring is converted to the carboxylic acid group. Thus the benzoic acid is formed.

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